Technical papers

Manhole cover

Innovative ways to deal with metal theft

Municipalities have a constitutional mandate to provide for services to communities it serves. These services include Utilities (water, electricity, sewer and waste management), access and mobility, parks and recreation and other amenities. It is a...
biogas plant overview image

Life cycle assessments of energy recovery

The recovery of clean energy in the form of methane-containing biogas is starting to receive tremendous attention in South Africa. However, it is unclear whether the transition from standard bio-methane production to waste-based bio-hydrogen...